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Taejong / 태종 (Joseon)
#1
1367 yilinda dogdu . Kral Taejo nun besinci ogludur.Joseon hanedanliginin üçüncü kralidir.

Hayati:
'O, Yi Bangwon olarak 1367’de dogan Kral Taejo’nun besinci ogludur. O, 1382’de Goryeo Hanedanligi’nda bir memur olarak yetkiliydi. O, ilk günlerde; hükümetteki çok etkili bir sayiyla ve vatandaslarla birlikte olan destegiyle babasina çok fazla yardim etti. O, 1388’de Çin’e Ming Hanedanligina gönderildi. Goryeo Krallarina sadik kalan Jeong Mong-ju gibi güçlü Konfüsyüscü memurlarin güçlerini kontrolünde tutarak yeni bir hanedanlik kurmasi için babasina yardim etti. 1392’de Goryeo hanedanligini devirip, yeni bir hanedanlik olan Joseon’i kurmasinda babasina yardim etti. O, taci basariyla alacagini düsünüyordu. Ancak onun küçük üvey kardesi Yi Bangseok ( Prens Uian), asillere karsi Taejong’un güçlü liderligi ve sert politikasindan korkan Basbakan Jeong Dojeon ve Taejo tarafindan daha fazla destek aldi. 1398’de Yi Bangseok, Kraliçe ve kardeslerini öldürüp; Jeong’un grubunu yok ederek Yi Bangseok ve Jeong Dojeon’a karsi bir darbe gerçeklestirdi.
Daha sonra O, büyük kardesi Jeongjong’u Joseon’un veliaht prensi olmasi için zorladi. 1399’da hayal kirikligina ugrayan Taejo tahtindan feragat etti ve Jeong jong tahtin varisi oldu. 1400’de Taejon’un tatmin edici olmayan tavirlari yüzünden hayal kirikligina ugrayan General Bak-po ve 1398 Darbesi’nde müttefiki olan Bangwon’un büyük kardesi Yi Banggan (Prince Hoean) Yi Bangwon’a karsi isyan etti. Yi Bangwon basariyla abisininn kuvvetlerini yanilgiye ugratti. Daha sonra Bak Po’yu idam ettirdi ve Banggan’i sürgüne gönderdi. Erkek kardesinin hasin tavirlarindan korkan Kral Jeongjong ayni yil içinde tahttan feragat etti ve böylece Taejong; Joseon Hanedanliginin üçüncü Krali oldu.

Hükümdarlik:
Hükümdarliginda ilk önce özel ordulari yasakladi. Resmi ordu içindeki; prenslere ve bir çok soyluya ait olan özel askerler geri alindi ve hükümetin karsi koyma hakki kaldirildi. Üstelik O, Mutlak bir Monarsi ve güçlü bir merkezi hükümet olusturarak siyasal sistemi degistirdi. O, din degil de daha çok siyasi bir felsefe gibi olan Konfüçyüsçülügü destekledi. Geçmiste Goryeo Krallari tarafindan verilen güç çürüdü ve günlük yasamdan uzak olan Budizm, böylece alt sinifa indi. O, Goryeo Krallari tarafindan kurulan daha önce insanlarin hareketlerini kontrol etmek için kullanilan; isim ve ikamet kayitlarinin tutuldugu bir form olan Hopae Sistemini baslatti. O, mahkemesi önüne büyük bir davul yerlestirdi. Sorunu olan siradan insanlar; kralla görüsmek için saraya gelebiliyordu.
Dis politikada; o, sert bir tutumla dogruca güney kiyisinda Japon korsanlara, kuzey sinirinda Jurchen’lere saldirdi. 1419’da Tsushima Adasi’na yapilan Oei istilasinda, Taejong’da sorumlu olarak biliniyor. O, ticaret ve egitim yayinlarini yükseltti. Ayni zamanda Polis Teskilati ve Kraliyet Muhafizi Uigeumbu’yu kurdu ve tesvik etti. 1404’de O, Hanyang’a (Seoul) hareket etti ve 1418’de Joseon’un Büyük Krali Sejong’a tahti vererek, tahttan feragat etti. Ayrica; Taejong hükümdarliga uygun biri olarak görülmezdi ve avciliga tutkunlugu bilinirdi.'

Ailesi:

Babasi: KralTaejo (태조)
Annesi : Anbyeon soyundan Kraliçe Sin-ui (신의왕후 한씨)

Esleri :
1.Kraliçe : Wongyeong (Yeoheung Min soyundan ) (원경왕후 민씨)
2.Kim Asilzade Hyo kim (효빈 김씨)
3.Kim soyundan asilzade Myeong (명빈 김씨)
4.Sin soyundan asilzade Sin (신빈 신씨)
5.An soyundan asilzade Seon (선빈 안씨)
6.Gwon soyundan Asilzade Ui (의빈 권씨)
7.So (소빈 노씨)
8.Choi Suk-ui (숙의 최씨)
9.Lee soyundan Prenses Deoksun (덕순옹주 이씨)
10.Jang soyundan Prenses Soonhye (순혜옹주 장씨)
11.Cariye Go (후궁 고씨)

Çocuklari:
1.Büyük Prens Yangnyeong (양녕대군), Kraliçe Wongyeong
2. Büyük Prens Hyoryeong (효령대군), Kraliçe Wongyeong
3. Büyük Prens Chungnyeong (충녕대군), Kraliçe Wongyeong
4. Büyük Prens Seongnyeong (성녕대군), Kraliçe Wongyeong
5. Prens Gyeongnyeong (경녕군), Hyo Kim
6. Prens Hamnyeong (함녕군), Sin
7. Prens Onnyeong (온녕군), Sin
8. Prens Geunnyeong (근녕군), Sin
9. Prens Iknyeong (익녕군), Seon
10. Prens Huiryeong (희령군), Son Choi Suk
11. Prens Huryeong (후령군), Prenses Deoksun
12. Prens Hyeryeong (혜령 군), cariye Go
13. Prenses Jeongsoon (정순 공주), Kraliçe Wongyeong
14. Prenses Gyeongjeong (경정 공주), Kraliçe Wongyeong
15. Prenses Gyeongan (경안 공주), Kraliçe Wongyeong
16. Prenses Jeongseon (정선 공주), Kraliçe Wongyeong.
17. Prenses Sukan (숙안옹주), Myeong.
18. Prenses Jeongshin (정신 옹주), Sin
19. Prenses Jeongjeong (정정 옹주), Sin.
20. Prenses Sukjeong (숙정 옹주), Sin
21. Prenses Soshin (소신 옹주), Sin.
22. Prenses Sooknyeong (숙녕옹주), Sin
23. Prenses Sookgyeong (숙경옹주), Sin.
24. Prenses Sookgeun (숙근 옹주), Sin.
25. Prenses Sosook (소숙옹주), Seon
26. Prenses Gyeongshin (경신 옹주), Seon.
27. Prenses Jeonghye (정혜 옹주), Ui
28. Prenses Sookhye (숙혜옹주), so
29. Prenses Sooksoon (숙순옹주),
Çevirmen:Kizillale

English:
Taejong of Joseon
Taejong (1367 – 1422, r. 1400-1418) was the third king of the Joseon Dynasty in Korea and the father of King Sejong the Great.

Early life:
He was born as Yi Bangwon in 1367 as the fifth son of King Taejo, and was qualified as an official of Goryeo Dynasty in 1382. During his early days, he helped his father to extend his support with the citizenry and many influential figures of the government. He was sent to the Ming Dynasty of China in 1388. Taejong helped his father found a new dynasty by disposing of powerful Confucian officials such as Jeong Mong-ju, who remained loyal to the Goryeo kings.

In 1392, he helped his father to overthrow Goryeo and establish a new dynasty, Joseon. He thought he would be appointed as the successor to the throne, but his little half-brother, Yi Bangseok(Prince Uian) was favored more by Taejo and Prime Minister Jeong Dojeon, who were afraid of Taejong's strong leadership and hard-line policy against noble families. In 1398, he led a coup against Jeong Dojeon and Yi Bangseok, exterminating Jeong's faction and murdering Yi Bangseok, his siblings and the queen. He then gave a push to his older brother, Jeongjong of Joseon, as a crown prince. Disappointed, Taejo abdicated in 1399, and Jeongjong succeeded to the throne.

In 1400, General Bak Po, who was disappointed by Taejong for not rewarding him for his action in the 1398 coup, allied with Bangwon's older brother Yi Banggan(Prince Hoean) and rebelled against him. Yi Bangwon successfully defeated his brother's forces, then executed Bak Po and sent Yi Banggan into exile. King Jeongjong, who was afraid of his brother's harsh action, appointed him as crown prince and abdicated in the same year, thus Taejong became the third king of Joseon Dynasty.

Reign:
First in his reign, he banned private armies and absorbed the soldiers who were privately owned by many nobles and princes into the official army, and removed opposition from the government. He also changed the political system, creating a strong central government and an absolute monarchy. He promoted Confucianism, which was more like political philosophy rather than religion; thus demoting Buddhism, which was far from daily living and decayed from the power given by Goryeo kings back then. He closed many temples that were established by Goryeo kings, and seized their large possessions and added them to the national treasury. He also initiated the system of hopae, an early form of identification recording the bearer's name and residence, used to control the movement of people.[1] He also set a big drum in front of his court, so that the common people, when they had some problems, could come to palace and consult the king.[citation needed]

In foreign policy, he was straight hardliner-he attacked the Jurchens on the northern border and Japanese Pirates on the southern coast. Taejong is also known for being responsible for the Oei Invasion of Tsushima Island in 1419. He also promoted publications, commerce and education. He also founded and encouraged Uigeumbu, the royal guard and secret police at the same time. In 1404, He moved the capital back to Hanyang(Seoul), and abdicated in 1418-giving the throne to Sejong the Great of Joseon.

Family:

Father: King Taejo (태조)
Mother: Queen Sin-ui of the Anbyeon Han clan (신의왕후 한씨)

Consorts:
Queen Wongyeong of the Yeoheung Min clan (원경왕후 민씨)
Royal Noble Consort Hyo of the Kim clan (효빈 김씨)
Royal Noble Consort Myeong of the Kim clan (명빈 김씨)
Royal Noble Consort Sin of the Sin clan (신빈 신씨)
Royal Noble Consort Seon of the An clan (선빈 안씨)
Royal Noble Consort Ui of the Gwon clan (의빈 권씨)
Royal Noble Consort So of the No clan (소빈 노씨)
Choi Suk-ui (숙의 최씨)
Princess Deoksun of the Lee clan (덕순옹주 이씨)
Princess Soonhye of the Jang clan (순혜옹주 장씨)
Concubine Go (후궁 고씨)

Issue:
Grand Prince Yangnyeong (양녕대군), 1st Son of Queen Wongyeong of the Yeoheung Min clan.
Grand Prince Hyoryeong (효령대군), 2nd Son of Queen Wongyeong of the Yeoheung Min clan
Grand Prince Chungnyeong (충녕대군), 3rd Son of Queen Wongyeong of the Yeoheung Min clan
Grand Prince Seongnyeong (성녕대군), 4th Son of Queen Wongyeong of the Yeoheung Min clan.
Prince Gyeongnyeong (경녕군), Only Son of Royal Noble Consort Hyo of the Kim clan.
Prince Hamnyeong (함녕군), 1st Son of Royal Noble Consort Sin of the Sin clan.
Prince Onnyeong (온녕군), 2nd Son of Royal Noble Consort Sin of the Sin clan.
Prince Geunnyeong (근녕군), 3rd Son of Royal Noble Consort Sin of the Sin clan.
Prince Iknyeong (익녕군), Only Son of Royal Noble Consort Seon of the An clan.
Prince Huiryeong (희령군), Only Son of Choi Suk-ui.
Prince Huryeong (후령군), Only Son of Princess Deoksun of the Lee clan.
Prince Hyeryeong (혜령군), Only Son of Concubine Go.
Princess Jeongsoon (정순공주), 1st Daughter of Queen Wongyeong of the Yeoheung Min clan.
Princess Gyeongjeong (경정공주), 2nd Daughter of Queen Wongyeong of the Yeoheung Min clan.
Princess Gyeongan (경안공주), 3rd Daughter of Queen Wongyeong of the Yeoheung Min clan.
Princess Jeongseon (정선공주), 4th Daughter of Queen Wongyeong of the Yeoheung Min clan.
Princess Sukan (숙안옹주), Only Daughter of Royal Noble Consort Myeong of the Kim clan.
Princess Jeongshin (정신옹주), 1st Daughter of Royal Noble Consort Sin of the Sin clan.
Princess Jeongjeong (정정옹주), 2nd Daughter of Royal Noble Consort Sin of the Sin clan.
Princess Sukjeong (숙정옹주), 3rd Daughter of Royal Noble Consort Sin of the Sin clan.
Princess Soshin (소신옹주), 4th Daughter of Royal Noble Consort Sin of the Sin clan.
Princess Sooknyeong (숙녕옹주), 5th Daughter of Royal Noble Consort Sin of the Sin clan.
Princess Sookgyeong (숙경옹주), 6th Daughter of Royal Noble Consort Sin of the Sin clan.
Princess Sookgeun (숙근옹주), 7th Daughter of Royal Noble Consort Sin of the Sin clan.
Princess Sosook (소숙옹주), 1st Daughter of Royal Noble Consort Seon of the An clan.
Princess Gyeongshin (경신옹주), 2nd Daughter of Royal Noble Consort Seon of the An clan.
Princess Jeonghye (정혜옹주), Only Daughter of Royal Noble Consort Ui of the Gwon clan.
Princess Sookhye (숙혜옹주), Only Daughter of Royal Noble Consort So of the No clan.
Princess Sooksoon (숙순옹주), Only Daughter of Princess Deoksun of the Lee clan.
KAYNAK:WIKIPEDIA
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Cevapla
#2
Çok degerli bir çalisma,tesekkür ederiz pegi...Alkis
Cevapla
#3
Tesekkür ederiz pegi, çok güzel bir tanitim olmusSmile Çeviri için de kizillale'ye tesekkürler
29 çocuk vay beBiggrin
Cevapla
#4
11 es 29 çocuk Biggrin Biggrin ellerine saglik tesekkurler Smile
Cevapla
#5
süper tanitim olmus ablacim esleri ve çocuklari masallah yani Biggrin
Cevapla
#6
bilgiler için çok tesekkürler 11 es 29 çoçuk inanamiyorum Biggrin
Cevapla
#7
cemile, öncelikle sana tesekkür ederim. senin sayende bende Kore büyükleri hakkinda bilgi edinmis oldum. daha önce dikkat etmemistim, 29 çocuk ve es sayisi.... gerçi o günleri düsündügümde yine de bilemiyorum.....Smile
herkese foruma katkilarindan dolayi tesekkür ederim.
"There is no coincidience with destiny.
Before there was destiny, people made it for themselves." Wilson



Cevapla
#8
birsey degil asil ben tesekkür ederim ban güzel konularda yardimci oldugun için.SmileOpucukAlkis
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Cevapla
#9
Emegine saglik canim Alkis Paylastigin için tesekkürler. kizillale sana da çok tesekkürler.
Masallah 29 çocuk. Acaba hepsini tek tek taniyormuydu?
WWW
Cevapla
#10
paylasimin için saol bu kadar çocuk olunca taht kavgasi olmamis midir ?ay küçük dilimi yutucaktim bu kadar esi hayatina nasil sigdirmisAlkis
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Tumblr Face
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4B5LRlVsOn0
6:36-6:42
Yaa sen ne şebek bişi çıktın.

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